France is interconnected with 6 European countries
Great Britain (HVDC Cross-Channel IFA), Belgium (IFB), Germany (IFD), Italy (IFI), Spain (IFE) and Switzerland (IFS). These interconnections:
- compensate for sudden loss of load of generation or electricity transmission equipment by calling on generators, consumers and transmission operators of neighbouring countries,
- enable electricity suppliers to sell energy to a customer located in another European Union country, by acquiring capacity at interconnections.
Energy import and export
Calculation of trade capacities
The trade capacities of interconnections are calculated to take into account the physical capacities of transmission systems. Capacity calculation methodologies of each region are avalaible on Entsoe website.They are calculated at least at annual, monthly, day-ahead and intraday timeframes and according to methodologies developed by Capacity Calculation Region (CCR): NTC or flow-based approach.
Acquiring interconnexion capacity
The trade capacities are allocated to market participants over long-term, day-ahead and intraday time intervals. To exchange energy at interconnections, you must acquire capacity over a given period and direction. The allocation methods differ depending on the borders and time horizons:
- Explicit allocation: you acquire capacity via auctions then declare your power exchange schedule to the relevant transmission system operators (cross-border nomination). The explicit auctions are performed by the Joint Allocation Office JAO. The intraday capacity allocation on France-Switzerland and Franco-Germany borders is respectively performed on ICS and XBID CMM platforms;
- Implicit allocation: you automatically acquire capacity at the same time as your purchase/sale of energy on the active power exchanges on the French market (EPEX and in the near future, NordPool), through market coupling.
For explicit auctions, if you have acquired capacity at an auction and that you do not wish to use it, you may (on all borders. See detailed information in the relevant allocation rules):
- transfer all or part of acquired capacity at a given auction to another participant,
- resale all or part of acquired capacity at a given auction a capacity allocated at an auction at any subsequent auction,
- benefit from the "use-it-or-sell-it" principle, that triggers the remuneration of the non-nominated volume of acquired capacity.
These provisions apply on all borders (details in the allocation rules of the border concerned).
To import and export energy at French interconnections, you must:
- be a balance responsible party or connect your transactions to the perimeter of a balance responsible part,
- have the necessary permissions in at least one Member State of the European Economic Area to trade in electrical energy,
- Adhere to the Import-Export Rules to be able to nominate energy with RTE,
- Adhere to the allocation rules of the border concerned: Participation Agreement JAO, IFD Rules (explicit intraday allocation France-Germany), IF Rules (explicit intraday allocation France-Switzerland), Rules IFI (explicit intraday allocation France-Italy), IFA Rules and Participation Participation Agreement (France-Great Britain auctions). In the event of a no deal exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union, which would bring about the end of single day ahead market coupling, new IFA rules would come into force as soon as the United Kingdom leaves the EU.
To access the interconnections, you must have access to the RTE information system. To submit your nomination schedules to RTE on certain interconnections, you must have access to the MORGAN platform.
- RTE IS access formormulaire d’accès au SI de RTE,
- RTE IS Rules,
- MORGAN Implementation Guide,
- MORGAN user guide,
- Examples of MORGAN periodical and daily XML files.
MORGAN is an application that allows users to manage nominations of capacity acquired through explicit auctions on all interconnections except France - Great Britain. RTE can organize tests on the MORGAN application to train your new users.
RTE offers a set of services for participants in cross-border interconnections on the RTE Services Portals, the Portail RTE Data Portal and the RTE Customer Portal to easily monitor their activity and anticipate and plan for new developments on interconnections
You may also access:
- regional information published in collaboration with the TSOs concerned on the IESOE and JAO websites,
- the general data on the consumer behaviour in France published on rte-france.com (Eco2mix, electricity report, generation adequacy report etc.).
RTE also provides you with Static Grid Model.
Online training to understand flow-based market coupling is available in French, English and German on the EPEXSPOT platform
77€/month per transaction (processing fee per import or export transaction connected to a BRP perimeter, on a border and a time interval).
Capacity calculation methodologies of each region are avalaible on Entsoe website.
Your sales representative or email@example.com is at your disposal for any additional information.